Cerebellar localization and colocalization of GABA and calcium binding protein-D28K.

C. Batini


Immunocytochemical studies using antibodies raised against the inhibitory neurotransmitter, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and against the 28 Kd vitamin D dependent calcium binding protein (calbindin) in the cerebellum, are reviewed. The GABA immunoreactive neurones found in the cerebellar cortex were the Purkinje cell (PC), the three classes of intrinsic inhibitory interneurones, stellate, basket and Golgi cells and the cells of Lugaro. Some of the neurons of the cerebellar nuclei were also found to be GABA immunoreactive. A part of these could be identified as extrinsic neurones projecting either back to the cerebellar cortex, or to the inferior olive, both these pathways being topographically highly organized but arising from independent parent neurons. The presumed inhibitory function of these two pathways are discussed. Calbindin immunoreactivity in the cerebellum was confined to the PCs, staining concerned the whole cell including soma, branching dendrites, axons and axons terminals. The antibody, which appears to be tightly bound to the PC in vivo, failed to stain some of the PC when cerebellar slices maintained in vitro were studied. The stability of the antigen-antibody binding and the use of calbindin as a marker specific for the PC in the cerebellum, is discussed. Co-localization of GABA with calbindin as well as with other calcium binding proteins are reported to be found in the PCs. While these co-localizations have led to much speculation, conclusive functional roles for them have not been identified at present.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4449/aib.v128i2.922


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