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Prolonged hypotensive and bradycardic effects of passive mandibular extension: evidence in normal volunteers.

Marcello Brunelli, Erika Coppi, Daniele Tonlorenzi, Cristina Del Seppia, Dominga Lapi, Antonio Colantuoni, Rossana Scuri, Sergio Ghione


Various procedures involving stimulations of facial regions are known to induce so-called trigemino-cardiac reflexes that entail a decrease of heart rate and blood pressure. We here report the effects of a specific stimulation that consists in a submaximal passive mandibular extension obtained by means of a dilatator applied for 10 minutes between the upper and lower incisor teeth, associated with partial active masticatory movements. Blood pressure and heart rate were determined in 18 young normal volunteers by Omron M4, before (20 minutes), during (10 minutes) and after  mandibular extension ( 80 minutes) and under control conditions (same overall duration without stimulation). While control values remained stable, mandibular extension was followed by a progressive decline  of both blood pressure (up to about 12/11 mmHg) and heart rate (up to about 13 bpm), statistically confirmed by ANOVA both on absolute values and on changes from basal values. The decline of systolic blood pressure and heart rate significantly correlated with basal values. The present findings indicate that submaximal opening of the mouth, associated to partial masticatory movements, induces a prolonged reduction of blood pressure and heart rate in normotensive volunteers


Arterial Blood Pressure; Heart Rate; Mandibular Extension; Human

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