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Hypnotisability-related interoceptive awareness and inhibitory/activating emotional traits

F. Diolaiuti, A. Huber, A. Ciaramella, E. L. Santarcangelo, L. Sebastiani


Emotions are influenced by several individual factors. Hypnotizability - a psychophysiological trait associated with morpho-functional cerebral and cerebellar variations able to sustain differences in interoception and emotion - could be one of them. The aims of the study were to find out possible differences in Interoceptive Awareness (IA) and in the emotional traits sustained by the Behavioral Inhibition/Activation System (BIS/BAS) in participants with high (highs), medium (mediums) and low (lows) hypnotizability and to investigate the association of interoceptive awareness and BIS/BAS related emotional traits as a function of hypnotizability. Thus, IA and BIS/BAS were studied in 284 subjects of both genders by the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA) and by BIS/BAS scales, respectively. Significantly lower BIS scores (lower inhibitory control/conflict monitoring) in highs and lows with respect to mediums and significantly higher IA (proneness to notice and interpret interoceptive information) in highs with respect to mediums and lows were found. In addition, different correlations between MAIA and BIS/BAS scales were observed in the three groups, indicating different hypnotizability-related associations.
The hypnotizability-related relation between interoceptive awareness and emotional traits could be accounted for by different models and their knowledge may be relevant to the science of emotion and to clinical applications.


MAIA; BIS/BAS; hypnotic susceptibility; limbic circuits; cerebellum; insula.

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